Will - A legal document expressing the desires of the author with regard to the disposition of property after the author's death.
Living Will - An instrument by which a person states his or her intention to refuse medical treatment when he or she suffers from an "end-state condition", "persistive vegetative state", or a "terminal condition".
Advance Directive (Designation of Health Care Surrogate) - The instrument by which a person authorizes another person to make medical decisions about their future health care treatment.
Power of Attorney - An instrument granting someone the authority to act as agent for the grantor.
Trust - An instrument creating a fiduciary relationship regarding property and subjecting the person with title to the property to equitable duties to deal with it for another's benefit.
Corporations law or corporate law - The field of law concerning the creation and regulation of corporations and other business organizations. A corporation is a legal entity that is legally treated, in certain instances, as a person; the corporation can own property, execute contracts, sue, and be sued.
Estate planning - The process of accumulating and disposing of an estate to maximize the goals of the estate owner. The various goals of estate planning include making sure the greatest amount of the estate passes to the estate owner's intended beneficiaries, often including paying the least amount of taxes and avoiding or minimizing probate court involvement. Additional goals typically include providing for and designating guardians for minor children and planning for incapacity.
Legal Guardian - A person who has the legal authority (and the corresponding duty) to care for the personal and property interests of another person, called a ward. Usually, a person has the status of guardian because the ward is incapable of caring for his or her own interests due to infancy, incapacity, or disability. Most countries and states have laws that provide that the parents of a minor child are the legal guardians of that child, and that the parents can designate who shall become the child's legal guardian in the event of their death.
FAMILY & MARITAL LAW
Family law is an area of the law that deals with family-related issues and domestic relations including, but not limited to: